Farmers are unsure about what they can and should do to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, says the director of the NZ Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Centre.
Lincoln University academics Bruce Greig, Peter Nuthall and Kevin Old surveyed more than 400 farmers and found the majority of farms are financially strong.
Associate Professor Nuthall said it is “highly likely” farmers would survive most price downturns and the impacts of global warming.
He said an assessment of the financial resilience of New Zealand farms was particularly important given changing weather patterns stemming from global warming may exacerbate supply shifts, and the opening of world markets through trade agreements could lead to fluctuating supply and demand, all increasing price volatility.
However, their results showed most farmers and their farms are in “a zone of stable functioning in which they can operate and absorb financial shocks in at least the short term”.
“Profit levels are not high relative to the investment, but this has been the case for decades and has not caused problems due to farmer and farm family resilience,” Nuthall said.
“This does not mean some farmers have not struggled financially, particularly over periods of low payouts, including low wool prices, and periods of severe drought. New farmers with high initial debt will have found it difficult to meet their commitments in these periods.
“The majority, however, have had the equity to cope, especially the significant numbers with 100% equity.”
However, he said, action to maintain current financial levels through prudent production system selection and good financial management will be needed.
Figures from the article
- Farm equity is, on average, nearly 82%
- 62% of fruit/viticulture operations have 100% equity but this ranged down to 10% of the dairy farmers having 100% equity.
- 12.8% of farms had at least $8 million debt, and on the other side of the ledger, 12.2% had an asset total of greater than $20 million.