Climate change may force the kiwifruit industry to look for new places to grow its vines – especially the green hayward variety.
The industry came into the media spotlight when a labour shortage was officially declared by the Government. The experience has encouraged the industry to look at other ways to get the word out about jobs available.
The industry was 1200 workers short last season but Johnson says they know they eventually filled about 600 of those.
About 200 positions were filled through Work and Income (WINZ). And other New Zealanders -- not necessarily WINZ clients -- filled some positions. Plus they had additional interest from backpackers and the ‘VOC’ process which is the temporary change of a visitor visa to a work visa.
“We [reckon] we filled 600 of those vacancies at the time of the labour shortage declaration. We got through the season – no fruit was left on the vine -- but it put pressure on the people who were working in the industry. That isn’t something we want to repeat if we can avoid it.
“The most interesting part about declaring the labour shortage was the publicity that came with that; a number of people came forward to the industry for work as a result.”
That was both through WINZ and the wider public.
“We are working on an attraction strategy right now to attract people without actually having to declare a labour shortage. So how can we utilise media, how can we utilise streams of social media, what can we use to attract people to the industry before we get to a crisis situation?”
Johnson says more people need to know about industry opportunities.
“Partly it is about dealing with some of the misconceptions about working in the industry. For example there is a common assumption that pay rates are really low, but orchard work actually pays really well.
“There are misconceptions about the types of hours you can work in the industry and we need to make sure people understand there are both fulltime roles and fulltime seasonal roles available.
“It is challenging for someone to work for eight weeks in the harvest season and then have to find something else to do. It is about making employees aware of the follow-on work that is also available for, say, winter pruning which we are just coming to the end of now. Pruning has been really difficult for the industry; we haven’t had enough labour.
“Then we will move into the summer pruning and thinning. So the kiwifruit industry is able to provide work for around 10 months of the year, possibly longer.
“It is a matter of letting people know those opportunities are available and how to get involved that is part of the story as well.
“There are absolutely a lot of roles available and there is training for people as well if they want it.”
Weather related stoppages are an issue for the industry and they are considering how to give workers a consistent income so more people are attracted to roles.
The NZKGI Critical Labour Shortage report delivered to the Government in August was designed to start a conversation on quantifying the extent of the issue and frame discussions on where to from here, says Johnson.
One outcome is that Minister for Immigration Iain Lees-Galloway has issued the industry with challenges on how it works in the labour space, she says.
“Many of those are already recognised in our report, like flexibility of working hours and employing more New Zealanders. He has indicated we need to demonstrate some commitment to resolving those issues and then come back to Government and talk about the other issues. They are happy to support the industry once it has done some of those things. So it is a longer term conversation.”
They are talking with the Ministry for Social Development on projects they can test-case with WINZ to employ more NZers including pre-employment training. Further announcements will be made in the near future.
The ‘Pipeline’ project that identified WINZ clients who could be placed with contractors into fulltime employment was very successful but has finished because they ran out of candidates for the positions. Pipeline provided some pastoral care and pre-screening to ensure placement into roles where they were physically able to do the work and it supported them to stay in the role.
Johnson says she is now talking to the Ministry for Social Development on how to replace the Pipeline project with other initiatives.
Meanwhile an announcement on the cap for the Recognised Seasonal Employment (RSE), which brings in temporary overseas seasonal workers, is expected at the end of next month.